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Menstrie's Heritage

Menstrie's history, environment and scenery

General

Use these links for more about our history, our environment and our scenery.


Geology

Today's Ochil Hills are composed of rock which was molten over 300 Million years ago.

In Carboniferous times, about 350 - 300 Million years ago, Scotland lay on the Equator. The Midland Valley was alternately under shallow sea and muddy swamps. Tropical forests grew, fell and decayed forming coal measures interleaved with marine deposits. Movements deep under the Earth forced molten rock between sedimentary layers and, as it cooled, this magma hardened to form the Midland Valley Sill. Also about then, the ground to the North of the Ochil Fault rose as the Midland valley dropped.

By 35 Million years ago, the part of the Earth's crust carrying Britain was moving towards its present northerly latitude.

In the past 2.5 Million years, a series of glaciations exposed and eroded the hard Midland Valley Sill, leaving free-standing crags with tails as at Stirling and Abbey Craig.

About 13,000 years ago, the sea was about 45 metres above the present level, leaving mud and sand at the foot of the Ochils. The sea was at its present level about 10,000 years ago when Scotland's glaciers finally melted. Since then it has risen and fallen again by about ten metres.

The removal of the heavy mass of glacier ice has allowed Scotland to rise slowly, relative to the British Isles as a whole. The ground is still rising, most rapidly over an area centred between Glasgow and Inverness. Clackmannanshire (accompanied by Glasgow and Fort William !) is rising at about 3 millimetres a year. However, this uplift may be overtaken if global warming causes a more rapid rise of worldwide sea level. Recently (1993-2003), sea level has been rising at a rate of about 3 millimeters a year.

At present, Midtown in Menstrie stands about 20 metres above sea level.


Menstrie's ancient history

First settlers in the Menstrie area were people of Baltic or Danish origin around 4-5000 BC.

The Beaker people came to Menstrie around 2000 BC (proved by the discovery of stone coffins found in Menstrie).

Around 500 BC the Celts arrived and one of their tribes, the Maeatae, settled on Dumyat. The name of this hill comes from 'Dun (hill fort) of the Maeatae'.

The Romans came in 80 AD after defeating this tribe, the Maeatae. They left in 209 AD.

In Gaelic 'Menstrie' means 'plain of the strath'. The earliest recorded spelling of its name was Menstreth in 1263.

In 1263 Gilascoppe Cambell, otherwise known as Gilleasbaig (or Gillespie) of Menstrie, was granted the estates of Menstrie and Sauchie in a charter of King Alexander III of Scotland.


Famous People associated with Menstrie


From Menstrie's War Memorial


More about Menstrie

If you have something to add, whether in words or pictures, we'd love to hear from you.

This is how Wikipedia describes Menstrie.

October 2008

Updated November 2009

Updated December 2009

Updated January 2010

Updated December 2013

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